One of the most famous fruit trees grown in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere is the apple tree.
The apple is mentioned as a native plant but also as cultivated from prehistoric times. The apple is the fruit of the apple tree (scientifically: Malus domestica) of the Rosaceae family.
The genus malus, in addition to the common apple, includes other species, including the following: Malus orientalis (Eastern apple), Malus prunifolia (apple or leafy apple), Malus pumila (Nanophyte apple), Malus sylvestris (Apple the forest), Malus spectabilis (Apple the glowing), Malus baccata (Apple the ragged), Malus fusca (Apple the gray).
The apple is one of the most widespread and widely cultivated trees. It is deciduous and reaches 8-12 meters in height with leaves that are usually elliptical in shape and have a pointed edge.
It blooms in spring, while the fruits ripen in autumn and usually have a diameter of 4-9 cm (maximum up to 15 cm).
The different varieties of apples are distinguished depending on the color (greenish, waxy, yellow, red, dark), with the ripening period (summer, winter, autumn), the form (round, oval, oblong), the composition, and the quality of the flesh of fruits (watery, soft, tender, floury, crunchy).
Apples are a real natural treasure for many reasons not only for the benefits it has as fruit but apple has also very widely used in food because you can make delicious sweets, cakes, tarts, foods, marmalades, snacks, and many other fantastic dishes to enjoy with friends and family.